Reason: Like the saying "the devil makes work for idle minds", youths with no prospects have become cannon fodder for politicians, criminal militias (mungiki, taliban), demagogues (religious as well as political), illicit activities such as dawa za kulevya, kumi kumi, "professional services" etc.
The underlying causes are our weak economy that has not so far started creating employment in large enough numbers; cost of higher education; lack of extra-circular activities such as organised sports and voluntary work.
one of the best ways to assess the problem and thus provide ideas would be to look at the different stages of education. From last yr's exams, 70% of the pupils will be going
to 2ndary school leaving out another 200,000. This intake rate is higher than prior yrs but using this as a proxy,
one can see that over 5 yrs, 1m pupils wouldn't have progressed beyond standard 8. They are also the most vulnerable
of the youth with negligible grasp of issues; lacking advanced English (business language) or Swahili and will mainly interact
with their own tribal members. this is the group most vulnerable to small inducements (such the Ksh500 mentioned for burning a house down). Some ideas:
- Implement the free secondary school and make it compulsory for pupils to stay on in school until they are 18.
- Introduce two non-fee paying tertiary colleges per province
- Encourage constituencies via the CDF to set colleges that cater the local economies' needs for example teaching them animal husbandry skills
- Creating apprentice opportunities in partnership with local or national businesses
by having to compete for jobs against graduates. For these students, several ideas need to be implemented or evaluated:
- having as a goal, that by 2012, each province will have two or more public universities and at least one private university
- immediately convert polytechnics into universities
- give tax incentives to those setting up private universities
- rethink the 8-4-4 system and most importantly, bring back A-levels, to align us with for example, our EA partners
- as per above, have more tertiary colleges
- use students as supply teachers especially within their localities-so can be paid by CDF
- again, as per above, work with local businesses to create apprentice opportunities
- courses catering for particular sectors of the economy e.g. road building;
- NGOs and other foreign companies must employ at least 90% Kenyans
- some of the emerging countries are crying out for labour
- the ANZAC countries have a partner agreement with the UK that gives anybody under the age of 30, a 2yr visa to come and work in the UK. Can we do the same with some of our other so-called developed partners such as Canada and the Scandinavians countries for example? In our case it would be graduates.